Countries are working to conclude these additional negotiations in 2020 and have agreed to review the guidelines for improving the transparency framework in 2028. Many of the specific reporting provisions have been improved compared to existing transparency rules, particularly for developing countries. The table below illustrates some of the key differences between the new expanded transparency framework and previous agreements under the UNFCCC. This guide aims to provide users with the practical information you need to draft and verify the necessary reports and communications under the existing transparency system and which are likely to remain the same within the broader framework of the Paris Agreement. New e-learning course: Establishing a greenhouse gas inventory under the Enhanced Transparency Framework The expanded transparency framework is essential to the design, credibility and functioning of the Paris Agreement. The development of the transparency part of the regulatory framework did not start from scratch, as countries were able to build on previous experiences under the UNFCCC. However, unlike previous UNFCCC agreements, the Paris Agreement provided for common guidelines for all countries while providing flexibility to developing countries that need it. The 2015 Paris Agreement (AP) is a pioneering agreement in which signatory countries committed to take action to limit the rise in global average temperature to less than 2 degrees Celsius and make efforts to limit it to 1.5°C. The Pa`s General Transparency Framework (ETF) for Action and Assistance sets out how countries should report on their progress in climate change mitigation and adaptation. In fact, the ETF is the backbone of the Paris Agreement, as it builds trust by making climate change coverage “more transparent.” Countries have adopted the necessary guidelines for the operationalization of the enhanced transparency framework. They agreed to report, as part of the expanded transparency framework, through documents known as two-year transparency reports (BTRs) and agreed that the first BTRs would be due by 31 December 2024. Countries will complete their existing transparency reports by 31 December 2022 (for industrialised countries) and by 31 December 2024 (for developing countries). Given the scale of the negotiations under the expanded transparency framework, countries did not have time to take decisions on all technical aspects of the framework during COP24.
Countries left three technical issues on the agenda: in particular, the expanded transparency framework guides countries on reporting their greenhouse gas emissions, progress in achieving their DNNs, the effects of climate change and adaptation to climate change, the assistance provided and mobilized, as well as the assistance needed and received. The expanded transparency framework also includes procedures for technical experts to verify reported information and a multilateral peer review, in which countries can ask questions. . . .